The scientific name of Rose bushes is Rosa spp. They are wonderful deciduous shrub and they are best known for their fragrant blossoms of yellow, red, pink, apricot, white, and variations. A number of rose bushes stand erect, others trail, and some even climb. Rose bushes woody stems are studded with sharp thorns. This wonderful flower have a reputation for being finicky plants, although some of this may stem from rose lovers' obsession with producing perfect blooms each season. In actual fact, Rose bushes are pretty tough survivors and the plant will actually thrive with little to no care. 

You can easily plant Rose bushes in the spring, and also give them lots of water and nutrients, and the plant will really bloom with abundant beauty through the summer. Continue reading to learn how to grow and care for rose bushes year-round.

Rose Bushes Information

The common name: The common name is Rose

The scientific name: The scientific name is Rosa spp.

The family: Rose belong to Rosaceae family

The plant type: Rose is deciduous shrub

The mature size: The mature size is about six inches to twenty feet in height and width

The sun exposure: Rose bushes prefers full sun

The soil type: The plant does well in loamy, well drained soil

The Soil pH: This should be slightly acidic to neutral (6.5 to 6.8)

The blooming time: The blooming time is spring, summer, fall

The flower colors: The flower colors are red, white, pink, orange, yellow

USDA plant hardiness zones: Two to eleven

The native area: Rose bushes are native to Europe, Asia, and North America


Different Types of Roses

According to research the Rosa genus includes over one hundred different species of roses, which are actually classified as deciduous perennial shrubs. A good number rose plants share the familiar general appearance, although their branch structure and size can vary widely, ranging from different types with a few stiff, woody canes that really get snipped back each year to wild masses of twisting, curling vines.

Among the one hundred plus species and a lot of more cultivars available, the rose plants are generally grouped into 5 broad categories which are:

The Hybrid tea rose bushes: The Hybrid tea rose bushes are actually the most popular types of roses because they actually produce big roses on straight stems.

The Polyanthas rose bushes: The Polyanthas rose bushes actually produce dense clusters of small flowers on a dwarf rose bush.

The Floribunda rose bushes:  The Floribunda rose bushes are a cross between Hybrid tea rose bushes and Polyanthas rose bushes.  

The Grandifloras rose bushes: The Grandifloras rose bushes actually produce large rose clusters on long stems.

The Old roses: The Old roses is also known as old-fashioned or heirloom roses, they were actually developed prior to 1867; after that all the roses that were developed later are considered the modern roses.

The species of wild roses:  The species of wild roses actually include the ancient varieties that grow naturally across the globe. A lot of wild roses perform well as landscape plants


How to grow Roses

You can easily plant your rose bushes in deep holes that are partially filled with plenty of amended soil, just make sure you follow the planting instructions for your rose type. You can plant the rose bushes by forming a cone at the bottom of the planting hole and then spreading the roots over the cone. Actually this will really encourage the plant roots to grow straight down because deeper is better.

If you want to care for established rose bushes, you can start the spring season by removing material used for winter protection, and then prune and feed the rose bushes at the appropriate time for the local climate. Also this is really a good time to apply sprays to get a head start on pest and disease control. After the plant blooms fade later in the season you can easily deadhead the rose bushes to conserve their energy for more growth and blooms.


Light requirement

Even as the rose bushes like 6 hours of sun per day, it really matters what part of the day those 6 hours actually come from. 6 hours of morning sun is actually more preferable to 6 hours of afternoon sun, for 2 reasons:

The rose bushes foliage actually prefers to be dry. The faster the dampness from the night is burned off the plant foliage, the less likely disease is to become a factor on the plant.

The afternoon sun is always excessively hot. Rose bushes really profit from some afternoon shade.


Soil requirement

The rose bushes really grow best in loamy, well-drained soil with a pH ranging from 6.5 to 6.8. If you are improving the soil through soil amendments, make sure you don’t forget to promote drainage by incorporating peat moss. In spite of the year's season, apply two or three inches of mulch over the soil around the plants.


Water requirement

Naturally, it is best to water the rose bushes 2 times a week and water them thoroughly. Also it is better to water the plant deeply 2 times per week than to water the plant less deeply more often.

Make sure you avoid late-evening watering, which can easily foster powdery mildew on the plant, which is actually a very common disease among rose bushes. By watering the rose bushes at the end of the day, you are not giving the sunlight a chance to dry things out before night falls. Actually the result is that moisture will hangs around all night, creating optimal conditions for powdery mildew on the plant.  

For the same reason make sure you avoid watering the rose bushes from above. Getting the rose bushes leaves wet will only invite an infestation of powdery mildew. Instead you can easily apply the water at ground level.


Temperature and humidity requirement

Rose bushes are deciduous shrub that can survive periodic weather extremes, although they prefer temperatures between sixty and seventy degrees Fahrenheit and a humidity range between sixty percent and seventy percent.


Fertilizer requirement

As beginner it is advised you feed your rose bushes monthly with a 10-10-10 rose fertilizer. You can start feeding your rose bushes when they are actively growing in spring, corresponding with pruning time.

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