Trillium flower has lovable common names such as whippoorwill flower, wake-robin, toadshade and sweet Betsy. Trillium plant is a member of the lily family, they have plant parts in threes and bloom scents like fruit or rotting meat which attract pollinating insects like gnats.

How to grow Trillium flower

Trillium plants are native to eastern North America, the West Coast and Asia. Trillium has over 40 species, divided into 2 groups which are pedunculated (with flowers on a stalk or peduncle) and sessile (with flowers flush against the leaves). Trilliums plants take 4 to 7 years to reach flowering age.

Hardiness zone: This plant is native to zones as high as 9 and as low as 3. Trilliums plants can often be grown out of their natural ranges between north and south, however the translation between East and West coasts is less successful. West Coast species actually prefer a mild maritime climate.

The plant exposure: As woodland wildflowers the plant prefers high shade, although there are some species that can take a little sun. Make sure you protect the plant from bright noonday sun, and also avoid western exposures. Deeper shade is really fine in summer, but the extreme darkness of evergreens can keep the trillium plant from thriving.

The soil requirement: To achieve best growth, plant the Trilliums in a rich, loamy or humusy soil with a very good drainage and neutral pH. There are some species that prefer limestone-based soils, some also prefer acidic soils. Trillium plant can take ample water when flowering, but they also prefer a dry dormancy period (late summer through winter).

Plant care: During planting you can add leaf mold or an organic fertilizer. This particular plant does not require regular fertilizing, although they benefit from an application in late winter. Alkaline-soil lovers appreciate a yearly dusting of lime. Despite the depth of the wild rhizomes, most trilliums actually prefer shallower planting in the garden, three or four inches down. You can remove the thick leaf litter so that the seedlings can take hold. If you are purchasing trilliums, make sure you look for nursery-propagated ones.

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